|Missing Link Dog|
He deserves more respect.
"The bastard pug dog is a double mongrel from a mixture of the pug dog with the little Danish dog."[At that time the word mongrel meant a hybrid - a mix with two purebred parents.]
"The Alicant dog [Alicante is an ancient Spanish city on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea] is also a double mongrel, proceeding from the pug-dog and small spaniel." [This would be the brachyacephalic type of what today we call the King Charles Spaniel.]
The Lion Dog
|Today it's called a Pekingese|
The Naked or Turkish Dog
|Probably what today we call the Chinese Crested.|
Buffon added, "Lately there are dogs which may be called triple mongrels, because they are produced by two mixed races. Of this kind are the Artois [a scent hound] ...which is produced by the pug-dog and the bastard pug-dog; to which may be added the dogs called street dogs, which resemble no particular kind because they proceed from races which have previously been several times mixed."
A triple mongrel meant the grandparents were purebred; the parents hybrid and their offspring were double hybrids. Until the late 19th century when kennel clubs required "purity" in registered breeds, this type of mixing was done intentionally to maintain health and vigor in dogs.
(Illustrations in this post are from a 1750 print by Alexander Bell, published in the Encyclopedia Perthensis or Universal Dictionary of Knowledge, 1816. The photograph of the village dog is courtesy of Ray Coppinger.)
This is a good piece on Buffon and Dogs in The Bark magazine.